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What is schizophrenia? What causes it? How is it treated? Find the answers to your questions here.

What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a severe, chronic mental disorder that affects how an individual thinks, behaves, feels, and how they perceive reality. It is a psychosis, a type of mental illness wherein the person cannot distinguish between reality and what is imagined.

Numerous research has been done to uncover the exact causes of schizophrenia; however, it’s not easy to determine due to the varying symptoms from one person to another. While studies indicate that genetics can play a role (i.e. if you have a close family member with schizophrenia, you’re more likely to get it), other factors such as stress, trauma, significant drug use, and problems at birth are also associated with this disorder.

What are the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia?
During a schizophrenic episode, the patient may be unable to distinguish between real and unreal experiences, sights, and sounds. As with any illness, the duration and severity can vary; however, the general signs and symptoms of schizophrenia include:

young man sitting in circle of psychological support group crying while sharing his trouble with mentor and other participants

  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoid Delusions
  • Impaired Cognition
  • Distorted Behaviors, Beliefs, and Perceptions
  • Decrease or Inability to Speak or Express Emotions
  • Trouble with Logical Thinking
  • Confused and Disordered Thinking and Speech
  • Bizarre Behavior or Abnormal Movement

How can Prime Behavioral Health help?
While schizophrenia is not curable, it can be managed with the right treatments. At Prime Behavioral Health, we commonly treat schizophrenia with antipsychotic medications. We also offer psychological therapies and practical support to patients with this disorder.

Reach Out to Us
Questions? For assistance, get in touch with us at 301-477-2128 or Set An Appointment at your earliest convenience.

If you are experiencing thoughts of suicide or are concerned about a loved one, please contact Maryland’s Crisis Hotline at +1-800-422-0009 or you can reach out to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255). If you don’t feel comfortable speaking to someone, you can use the Crisis Text Line by texting HOME to 741741. For immediate crisis support, please call 911. For other resources, please visit https://www.mdcrisisconnect.org/.